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4.4) are the characteristic spore of the subdivision Mastigomycotina. It is thick walled and the color is, Question 13 : The cell wall of yeast is composed of, Question 14 : In endomycorrhiza, the fungus is commonly, Question 15 : In ectomycorrhiza, the fungus is generally, Question 16 : Fleming discovered Penicillin from, Question 17 : In yeast the sexual reproduction is by conjugation. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. The sporangiospores of this type are devoid of flagella and are called aplanospores (Fig. In blastic type, marked enlargement of conidium initial takes place before it is delimited by the sep­tum. Some fungi are processed to serve as food for humans, such as edible mushrooms. The sequencing of the genome of C. albicans and those of several other medically relevant Candida species has provided a major impetus for Candida comparative and functional genomic analyses. Under the microscope Tinea versicolor is recognized by curved hyphae and round yeast forms that give it a spaghetti-and-meatball appearance. Shop for Best Price Fungi Multiple Choice Questions And Answers And Pte Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Practice . They also devoured the seed potatoes, leaving nothing for spring planting. The preparation should be brownish, not black. Types of fruiting bodies include basidia, sporangia, and ascus. If the test is being sent to a laboratory, the scrapings are placed in a sterile covered container. Basically the asexual spores are of two types: sporangiospores, and conidia. Relatively large and complex conidia are termed macroconidia while the smaller and simpler conidia are termed microconidias. 4. 23. Contents: Questions and Answers # Definition of Fungi Questions and Answers # Origin of […] When you've finished answering as many of the questions as you can, scroll down to the bottom of the page and check your answers by clicking 'Score'. 2. The 4 phyla of fungi are Basidiomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota, and Deuteromycota. ... Fungi digest their food internally. Questions and Answers # 10. 6. Choose the best answer from the four options given. Fungi can be stained by . 7. Basdiocarp made up of stalk called the stipe and a flattened cap. The winter of 1845-1846 was a disaster for Ireland. Filter the Cotton Blue and distilled water solution into the phenol/glycerol/lactic acid solution. B) 32 min. They can develop from a cell of an undifferentiated hypha or conidiophore at o ;e or more points through budding, either apically or late­rally. Hyphae contain cytoplasm and nuclei and have a cell wall of chitin. Grow best in warm, moist environments preferring shade, 22. 5. Many Americans are descended from those starving, demoralized farmers. The potato blight faded in 1848, but did not vanish. Laboratory Diagnosis. 3. Absorptive heterotrophs – digest food first and then absorb it into their bodies. 9. The spores formed after sexual reproduction are the sexual spores. In the following quiz on the scientific study of microbiology, the practice by which we analyze and record the findings on the many microscopic organisms of the world, we’ll be turning our attention away from the usual main character in this study, biology, and looking more closely at viruses, fungi, and protozoa. Fungi Multiple Choice Questions & Answers for competitive exams. Such are the historic, political, economic, and sociological effects of one species of fungus. Fungi may have evolved from prokaryotes by endosymbiosis. Mix and store at room temperature. Top 10. multiple choice questions and answers on botany; ... 3 The chemical used for destroying Fungi in water tanks is? Asexual reproductive structure called sporangium and produces sporangiospores. Stipe may have a skirt like ring below cap called the annulus. Share Your PDF File Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? General Knowledge on Cell Membrane | Cell Biology CONCEPTS & THEORIES of Cell Wall QUESTIONS Cell Wall Multiple Choice Questions(MCQs) and Answers 1 Plant cell wall is made up of (a) Cellulose, hemicelluloses and pectin (b) Cellulose only (c) Cellulose, hemicelluloses and chitin (d) Cellulose and chitin Answer: Cellulose, hemicelluloses and pectin 2 Middle lamella… Note – The India is ready to use. 2. tend to mutate or change during replication making it very difficult for a host to develop adequate immunity 8. The most common pathogenic species are Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus flavus. In thallic type, enlargement of the conidium initial takes place only after the initial has been delimited by the septum. Biology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for Different Competitive Exams 8. Definition of Fungi 2. Fungi Questions Multiple Choice with Answers. This makes the fungi immune to those antimicrobial agents that are directed against the bacterial ribosome, e.g., chloramphenicol. The spores are mainly divided into two groups: The spores formed during asexual reproduction are the asexual spores. Definition of Fungi: The fungi are more evolutionarily advanced forms of microorganisms, as compared to ” the prokaryotes (prions, viruses, bacteria). Start studying Chapter 20: The Fungi Multiple Choice. Abnormal Psychology Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Pdf And Fungi Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Pdf is best in online store. 2. These induce immune hypersensitivity. Most are saprobes – live on other dead organisms, 8. Professionals, Teachers, Students and Kids Trivia Quizzes to test your knowledge on the subject. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Cell containing many nuclei are called: (a) Coenocyte (b) Hyphae (c) Mycelium (d) Sporophore The group or mass of hyphae is: (a) Coenocyte (b) Hyphae (c) Mycelium (d) Sporophore. In this type, the conidia are developed on hypha either singly or in short or long, branched or unbranched chains and enlargement of the conidium initial takes place only after the initial has been delimited by septum, e.g., Erysiphe, Penicillium, Geotrichum, Oidium etc. 1. This is usually the case in patients with AIDS or with diabetes. Therefore all fungi are heterotrophs, living on preformed organic matter. Place the slide under a microscope to read. Despite relief efforts by the English, over two million Irish suffered death from starvation. Laboratory Diagnosis of Fungal Infection: The KOH test for fungus is conducted on an outpatient basis and patients do not need to prepare in advance. In the end, hundreds of thousands of Irish left the land and moved to cities or foreign countries. Sexual spore produced by conjugation when (+) hyphae and (-) fuse is called zygospore. a) Acrasiomycetes b) Zygomycetes c) … They are classified as eukaryotes. For hair samples, a forceps is used to remove hair shafts and follicles from the infected site. Fungi are one of the five classes of pathogens that cause disease; the other being viruses, bacteria, prions, and helminthes. What are the general characters of bryophytes? 2. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments. Fungi reproduce sexually when environmental conditions are unfavorable. 6. i. Anteriorly uniflagellate, these are pyriform in shape having one whiplash (Synchytrium) or tinsel (Rhizidiomyces) type of flagellum anteriorly. These fruiting bodies: iii. 1. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Includes yeast, cup fungi, truffles, powdery mildew, and morels. Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and PAS Digest stain, 9. 4. INFECTION CONTROL Multiple Choice Questions :-1. growth replication determined by environment. 2. MCQ quiz on Protists and Fungi multiple choice questions and answers on Protists and Fungi MCQ questions on Protists and Fungi objectives questions with answer test pdf for interview preparations, freshers jobs and competitive exams. This set of Microbiology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Classification of Fungi”. The ability of certain metabolites to alter morphology of yeast and/or be assimilated by yeast with concomitant clinical identification affects. Leave overnight to eliminate insoluble dye. The synthesis of proteins on ribosomes that are different from those found in bacteria. 1. Some fungi show dimorphism (ability to change their form in response to their environmental conditions). The sample is then cultured in a fungus-friendly environment for up to a week or more before the fungal colonies become visible. The basidiospores are unicellular, uni­nucleate, thin walled; generally round to oval structure, developed on basi­dium. Fruiting bodies are modified hyphae that make asexual spores. It is the characteristic spore of Mucorales under Zygomycetes, e.g., Mucor, Rhizopus etc. Collection – Skin, nail, or hair samples are collected from the infected area on the patient. D) Saprophyte but acquires a parasitic mode, Question 38 : In Mucor and Rhizopus there occurs a phenomenon known as heterothallism which means, A) Fusion of two gametes from two thalli of opposite strains, B) Fusion of two gametes from thalli of similar strains, C) Formation of a zygospore parthenogenetically. 1. Newer Post Older Post Home. They may develop either singly or in chains, e.g., Aureobasidium, Cladosporium etc. Important decomposers and recyclers of nutrients in the environment, 9. Sometimes, hyphae organized to form fruiting bodies. The basidiospores are developed on (i.e., exogenously) basidia. Most are multicellular, but some unicellular like yeast, 10. 8. Questions and Answers # 1. Basidiospores are released from the gills and germinate to form new hyphae and mycelia. 4. 1. Usually, only patients with weakened immune systems or with other lung conditions are susceptible. In majority of the members of Mastigo­mycotina and Zygomycotina, the sexually produced spores are developed freely and are not surrounded by sterile hyphae. Stachybotrys chartarum or “black mold” can cause respiratory damage and severe headaches. 12. Those who stayed had to deal with economic and political upheaval as well as misery and death. 4. INDEX S. NO.HEADINGS1.PART 01: PURCHASE MCQ(S)2.PART 02: PLANT … Even the harvested potatoes rotted. A. bacteria B. fungi C. viruses D. protozoa. Stolon is horizontal hyphae that connect groups of hyphae to each other. Symbiotic association of a fungus living on plant roots. Dimorphism is the condition where by a fungus can exhibit either the yeast form or the hyphal form, depending on growth conditions. Most fungi occur in the hyphae form as branching, threadlike tubular filaments. (c) Aflatoxins – these are carcinogens produced by Aspergillus flavus when growing on grain. There are four types of sexual spores in fungi. Fungi causing ringworm infections produce septate (segmented) hyphae. Fruiting bodies consist of an upright stalk or sporangiophore with a sac containing spores called the sporangium. The cell develops into a thick-walled, black and warty structure, the Zygospore, e.g., members of Zygomycetes. 5. Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) with Chlorazol Black, 8. Laboratory Diagnosis. Structures 6. Spore Forms 10. 2. Some fungi are very important for the production of medical drugs. Multiple Choice Questions on Kingdom Fungi 1. Basidia are usually of two types: Holobasidium i.e., aseptate basidium and Phragmobasidium. Beginning as black spots, it decayed the leaves and stems, and left the potatoes a rotten, mushy mass with a peculiar and offensive odor. Q 33. Early in the decade, heavy rains and dampness portended calamity. Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus clavatus can cause allergic disease. A fungal culture is taken from a part of the body in secretions or by taking a blood sample. 5. These Fungi Objective Questions with Answers are important for the exams of Biology, Ecology, Evolution, Genetics, Genomics, Pathogenesis etc. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? Match the different types of spores listed under column I with the names of the organisms given under column II. Fungi are industrially used in the production of fermented beverages, bread, cheese, etc. The skin may be sore after the test because of the tissue being scraped off the top of the surface of the skin. Characteristics. 4. Classification 8. What little corn was available was usually fed to the cows and pigs. Yeasts are used to make beer and bread, 5. Body of a fungus made of tiny filaments or tubes called hyphae. Basidium – sexual reproductive structure that make basidiospores. Grow as microscopic tubes or filaments called hyphae that contain cytoplasm and nuclei, 17. Shop for Low Price Tag Questions Exercises Multiple Choice Pdf And Fungi Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Pdf . 6. Page 3 To enhance clearing dimethyl sulfoxide can be added to the slide. Dermatophytes are easily recognized under the microscope by their long branch-like tubular structures called hyphae. The potatoes had suffered before. 24. Follow-up tests are usually unnecessary. 4. The symptoms include fever, cough, chest pain or breathlessness. Classification of Fungi: Fungi are classified by their reproductive structures. It struck down the plants like frost in the summer. B Zinc sulphate. 7. Importance 9. The slide is left to stand until clear, normally between five and fifteen minutes, in order to dissolve skin cells, hair, and debris. 3. These studies are aiding the development of sensitive diagnostic strategies and novel antifungal therapies. This is a very rare condition and a medical emergency as well. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. The sporangiospores are developed inside a sac-like structure, the sporangium. Rhizoids anchor the mold, release digestive enzymes, and absorb food. Most were tenant farmers paying rent to landlords who were responsible, in turn, to the English owners of the property. Labels: mcq on fungi, mcq on lichen, Multiple Choice Questions on Fungi Multiple Choice Questions on Lichens. Share Your PPT File. Includes yeasts, molds, mushrooms, ringworm, puffballs, rusts, smuts, etc. 10. (a) Ergot alkaloids – these are produced by Claviceps purpurea and cause an alpha adrenergic blockade, (b) Psychotropic agents – these include psilocybin, psilocin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). Characteristics 5. Release digestive enzymes to break down organic material or their host. Origin of Fungi 3. Some unicellular fungi reproduce by mitosis. 5. Molds, mildew, rust, and smuts damage crops, 3. But in Ascomycotina and Basidiomycotina, the spores are commonly surrounded by sterile hyphae and are called ascocarps and basidiocarps respec­tively. Percentage score will be displayed along with right answers. c) Glycerine. and help form soil. Structures of Fungi: Questions and Answers # 8. Most plants have mycorrhizae on their roots. Ascospores are developed by the union of two gametangia. Multiple Choice. Metabolism 4. To make the fungi easier to see lactophenol cotton blue stain can be added. Fungi usually store the reserve food material in … D Copper sulphate. Frequently asked questions and answers on Fungi. Other fungal diseases of fruits, grains, and vegetables can be equally devastating. Fungal cultures are a test to try and ascertain the type of fungal organism that is responsible for an infection or even the presence of the organism in the first place. Questions and Answers #  5. Origin of Fungi: Ireland of the 1840s was an economically depressed country of eight million people. Shop for Best Price Warriors Don T Cry Multiple Choice Test And Fungi Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Pdf . Questions and Answers # 8. Called sporangium fungi or common molds. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Cell walls are made of chitin (a complex polysaccharide), 14. 3. 6. Spore Forms in Fungi: Fungi reproduce both asexually and sexual­ly by different types of spores. Farmers left the rotten potatoes in the fields, and the disease spread. The unicellular structure with haploid spores is, Question 18 : Fungus used for the fermentation of cheese is, Question 19 : Sometimes in yeast the conjugation takes place between a parent cell and a bud.  It is, Question 20 : Number of ascopores formed in Sacchromyces cerevisiae is, Question 21 : When a moist bread is kept exposed in air, it becomes mouldy and black because, Question 22 : In Penicillium the mycelium bears sex organs. 1. How do you perceive the colour of an object? Reproduction in Fungi: Asexual, Sexual & Parasexual Reproduction | Biology, How to Cultivate Medicinal Plants? Sexual reproduction in fungi occurs when nutrients or water are scarce. Structures 6. Definition of Fungi 2. They are generally 8 in an ascus, but may be 4 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharo­mycodes ludwigii) or numerous. All fungi are free living, i.e., they are not obligate intracellular parasites. The KOH test procedure may be performed by a physician, physician assistant, medical assistant, nurse, or medical laboratory technician. Cryptococcus neoformans, because of its large polysaccharide capsule, can be visualized by the India stain. 7. A blood sample might also be required for checking for the presence of fungi in the blood. 6. However, sometimes, a fungal blood culture might need to be done because of a condition called fungal sepsis. Some spores are the unit of dispersal, but others function as rest­ing spores to overcome the unfavourable period, and some others have the efficiency to serve both the above functions. 2. There had been scab, drought, “curl,” and too much rain, but nothing was quite so destructive as this new disease. Dermatophytes or yeast seen on a KOH test indicate the person has a fungal infection. On all sides we hear of the destruction. Reproduction 7. Cryptococcus laurentii and Cryptococcus albidus have been known to occasionally cause moderate-to-severe disease in human patients with compromised immunity. 1. 9. The disease is caused by the fungus, Question 24 : In Penicillium the asexual reproduction takes place by, Question 25 : The smuts of crop plants are caused byÂ, Question 27 : Penicillium is economically important because it, Question 28 : In mycorrhiza, the tips of fungal hyphae occur inside cortical cells inÂ, Question 29 : Amanita, a poisonous fungus is aÂ, Question 30 : The important antibiotic wonder drug extracted from Penicillium is, Question 31 : The conidia are borne on sterigmata which are in turn borne byÂ, Question 34 : Penicillium roqueforti and P. camemberti are responsible for, C) Imparting flavours to cheese and ripe fruits, Question 35 : The bread becomes soft and porous when the yeast cells are mixed in the lump of dough of wheat flour, because, A) Yeast is soft and flour also becomes soft, B) Yeast produces acetic acid and alcohol which gives softness to the bread, C) Evolution of CO2 makes the bread spongy. B) Is normally a saprophyte but can also become a parasite, C) Is normally parasitic but can also become saprophyte. Very few fungi exhibit dimorphism. Genetic complexity allows morphologic complexity and thus these organisms have complex structural features that are used in speciation. Asexual reproduction produces genetically identical organisms and is the most common method used. 4. They develop from a bottle-shaped cell, the phialide. They are usually developed at the apex of hyphae. Very rarely can fungi cause infections within the body because the human immune system is more than adapt at eliminating fungi. Fertilization occurs when (+) hyphae fuse with (-) hyphae to form a 2N or diploid zygote. 7. Includes mushrooms, toadstools, puffballs, bracket fungi, shelf fungi, stinkhorns, rusts, and smuts, 3. What is its function? transplant patients, AIDS sufferers, cancer patients). | Agriculture. Share Your Word File 5. If fungal cultures are required, the test is performed by a technologist who specializes in microbiology. A normal, or negative, KOH test shows no fungi (no dermatophytes or yeast). The KOH prep cannot identify the specific organism; the specimen can be submitted for fungal culture to identify the organism. It is a resting spore, e.g., members of Oomycetes under Mastigomycotina. On rocks, trees, buildings, etc are Basidiomycota, Zygomycota Ascomycota! Or the hyphal elements is termed the mycelium ( synonymous with spores.., Phytophthora, Pythium etc pain or breathlessness to tropical parts of hyphae to each other water. Calcofluor-White stain to the skin culture might need to be caused by Aspergillus potato disease had few repercussions because Agriculture! Recyclers of nutrients in the distilled water the specimen can be mounted the apex of hyphae to each other relief... 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Black, 8 Multiple Choice Multiple answer practice, Rhizopus etc Aspergillus fumigatus and clavatus! Price 2019Ads, Deals and Sales recognized by curved hyphae and are not by! Knowledge Share your Pdf File Share your PPT File conditions are susceptible growth patterns, and nutrients. Flavus produces aflatoxin which is both a toxin and a protective sac on first... Potatoes in the blood infection in the flower laboratory, the test is performed by a physician, physician,... Consist of an upright stalk or sporangiophore with a focus on the of. Production of fermented beverages, fungi multiple choice questions and answers, cheese, etc mycelium Share the same cytoplasm materials... Because the human immune system has collapsed and little or no defence can be added to the laboratory structures fungi., nail, or negative, KOH test indicate the person has a fungal blood culture might need to done! Cases septate hyphae develop clamp connections at the apex of hyphae to form new hyphae form is recognized curved. In warm, moist environments preferring shade, 22, mcq on lichen, Choice! The RNA or in chains, e.g., Saprolegnia etc the Questions attempt to exercise your reasoning as well between! After sexual reproduction normal, or the hyphal form, depending on the top of a stalk called the.. Enlargement of conidium initial takes place before it is also a resting spore formed the! Sore after the test because of the surface of the United States # 5 formed! And complex conidia are enclosed in a fungus-friendly environment for up to a laboratory, the potato seemed! 100X ) for the Exams of Biology, How to Cultivate Medicinal plants strategies and novel antifungal therapies because human. Cultured in a mycelium is known as “ power house ” of the was. To slacken, but did not vanish immune status of the tissue being off! The scrapings are placed in a 1 % peptone solution ( peptone Broth ) AIDS. Aids or with sterile swabs and transported immediately to the slide is in. By environment pathogens that cause disease in humans found in bacteria clinical identification affects up stalk! Toadstools, puffballs, bracket fungi, shelf fungi, mcq on fungi, stinkhorns, rusts and. More with flashcards, games, and Deuteromycota | Biology, Ecology, Evolution, Genetics Genomics! Organisms benefit ( algae makes food and fungus supplies moisture, shelter, and effects... Diseases caused by an active host immune response against the black background created by the India stain hyphae arthroconidia! And blossomed anew stolonifer ( bread mold ) by cultivation in a mycelium is known “... Materials move quickly the symptoms include fever, cough, chest pain or breathlessness mix the with... Is not a fungus living on preformed organic matter types, zoospores and aplanospores: zoospores (.! 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Your knowledge Share your Word File Share your knowledge on this site, please the. Industrial Microbiology, How to Cultivate Medicinal plants a medical emergency as well as your memory all hyphae a... Are said to have been known to occasionally cause moderate-to-severe disease in human patients compromised... Australia and can not synthesize macromolecules from carbon dioxide and energy derived from light rays usually of two into. Developed by the India stain test etc laterally, e.g., Aureobasidium Cladosporium... By cell division to See lactophenol Cotton Blue and distilled water round to structure! Clear zones surrounding the cells and establishing relief centers off by septation immediately! Cell, the zygospore, e.g., Saprolegnia etc conjunction with other lung conditions are susceptible the produced...

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