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Orussidae are known as parasitic wood wasps; Anaxyelidae are known as cedar wood wasps… They are called a wasp because of their resemblance to a wasp, but actually don’t sting. Many of the species ... species – Sickle wasps Others. Wasps are important pollinators. Fossilised wood wasps have been found dating back 160 million years in what is now Kazakhstan. Face has three black dots. Scientific name: Urocerus gigas Size: Up to 40mm Distribution: Found throughout the U.K. The wasp beetle is a small, narrow-bodied longhorn beetle. Similar to the common wasp, but has longer black abdominal marks and a shield-shaped central blotch. The terms “wood wasp” and “horntail” are actually used to describe various species of insects that belong to the family Siricidae of the order Hymenoptera and that inhabit wood structures. How many species of wasp are there? Although the hornet is the largest of the social wasps, it is less aggressive than smaller species and will sting only if provoked. The adults can be found feeding on flowers along woodland rides and hedgerows during the summer. Wood wasp, primitive insect belonging to any of three families in the suborder Symphyta (order Hymenoptera): Xiphydriidae, Orussidae (sometimes spelled Oryssidae), and Anaxyelidae. Months seen: May to October Habitat: Usually found in or near coniferous woods Food: The larvae feed on dead wood Special features: Great Wood Wasps are often mistaken for Hornets because they look similar to a wasp but considerably larger. The larvae live in warm, dry, dead wood, such as fence posts and dead branches, and particularly favour willow and birch. They're sometimes called 'Giant Horntails' for obvious reasons. Horntail or wood wasp is a common name of all of the 150 species of the Siricidae family. A very large and impressive insect which resembles a wasp or hornet, but is completely harmless. This family was formerly an only living representative of the Siricoidea superfamily. It is not a wasp at all as it can be clearly seen below that it has no "wasp waist" that all bees, wasps and ants have. There are approximately 9,000 species of wasp in the UK. Like the common wasp, it makes a large nest of chewed wood with horizontal brood combs. Above and below is the wood wasp or horntail Urocerus gigas. Wasps are amazing architects, building hexagonal paper nests from chewed up wood. Workers are 18mm in length, while queens reach 22mm. The long ovipositor on the abdomen of the female is used to drill into dead or sickly pine trunks where eggs are laid and the larvae develop feeding on the wood for around three years. Making up almost 10% of all British insects, Ichneumonidae are an important insect group and one of the most diverse. In the UK we have approximately 2,500 species of ichneumonid. They belong to the Hymenoptera order, which is a type of xylophagous sawfly. 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