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Cherrybark oak (Q. pagodifolia) is a fairly common large tree of bottomland forests, similar to the upland Southern red oak (Q. falcata), of which it was formerly considered a variety. It needs high nutrient soils and a lot of sunlight. Royal paulownia is an introduced ornamental that has become well established in North America. Eastern cottonwood typically lives 70 to 100 years. Some plums can grow well from hardwood cuttings too, while other’s don’t do so well, it depends on the variety. These leaves can be single blade leaves or have multiple leaves attached to one stem. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. Also known as Tulip Poplar and Yellow Poplar, this is one of Red maple is widely grown as an ornamental tree in parks and in the landscape. ), box elder (Acer negundo), locust (Robinia spp. Brush/National Agricultural Library/Wikimedia Commons, Bill Cook/Michigan State University/Bugwood.org/CC BY 3.0 US. A few well-known hardwood species are oak, maple, and cherry, but many more trees share hardwood tree characteristics. The maple is also aggressive, growing into septic tank drain fields and undermines water and sewer pipes. Aspen propagates itself primarily through root sprouts, and extensive clonal colonies are common. Unlike the conifers or softwood firs, spruce and pines, hardwood trees have evolved into a broad array of common species. The Guide to American Hardwood Species As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building. Sugar maple is an immensely important species to the ecology of many forests in North America. Bitternut hickory grows in moist mountain valleys along streambanks and in swamps. This area comprises the border where trees transition to prairie grassland. See more ideas about forest plants, trees to plant, shorea. Holly boughs and leaves are popular Christmas decorations and inseparably connected with the Christmas season. Leaves and fruit. A hardwood essentially is any wood from a flowering tree that usually is characterized by broad leaves and is sometimes deciduous. Filter to list as you wish. Flowering dogwood is one of the most popular ornamental landscape trees in eastern North America. Another name for a hardwood tree is, appropriately, broadleaf. Although American beech wood is heavy, hard, tough and strong, the tree is typically left during lumbering and often left uncut to grow. It is a quite ordinary oak with a unique acorn. The tree is a very popular ornamental tree throughout the southeastern United States, grown for its attractive foliage and flowers. The American holly is the state tree of Delaware. It has been called the "humming tree.". Oaks can be trees or shrubs and are in the genus Quercus and the family Fagaceae. For this reason, it is an important tree on the eastern prairies, where it is often found near waterways in more forested areas, where there is a break in the canopy. Its life is significantly shorter than most other hardwood trees, with a record lifespan of only 190 years. Beech is a popular hardwood Hardwood is wood from dicot trees. Black walnut wood is now relatively scarce and highly coveted, used mainly for high-quality woodworking and produces a delicious nut. Sweetgum grows from Connecticut southward throughout the east to central Florida and eastern Texas and is a very common commercial timber species of the South. It is a lowland tree and grows scattered with other hardwoods on moist, well-drained soils associated with large and small streams. Is the wood of softwood trees really less dense and tough than hardwood trees? Slippery elm is one of the smallest native North American elms but with one of the largest leaves. When viewed under a microscope, softwoods have no vi… Some isolated single trees are surviving. The names "Box Elder" and "Boxelder Maple" are based on the similarity of its whitish wood to that of boxwood and the similarity of its pinnately compound leaves with those of some species of elder. Betula alleghaniensis is the provincial tree of Québec, where it is commonly called merisier, a name which in France is used for the wild cherry. In addition to sassafras' value to wildlife, the tree provides wood and bark for a variety of commercial and domestic uses. Most are deciduous and lose all their leaves over a short annual fall drop. Often, the wood of a downed paper birch will rot away leaving the hollow bark intact. Biodiversity Heritage Library/Wikimedia Commons. Broadleaf: A tree with leaves that are broad, flat and thin and generally shed annually. Its wood, like that of the other white oaks, is hard, tough and rot-resistant. Since Pittsburgh is located in Pennsylvania, which means “Penn’s woods,” you know the region must have many trees. Building & Renovating Building 101: Types of Philippine Hardwood Buying furniture or building a house? Bigleaf maple is the only commercially important maple of the Pacific Coast region. Basswood flowers draw hordes of bees and other insects. Hardwoods have vessel elements that transport water throughout the wood; under a microscope, these elements appear as pores. For this reason, it can grow on poor soils, increase soil fertility and is an early colonizer of disturbed areas. The medium to large willow oak has unique willow-like foliage and is known for its rapid growth and long life. Hardwoods or broadleafs are trees classed as angiosperms or plants with ovules enclosed for protection in an ovary. Franklin Bonner/USFS (ret. Dozens of red maple varieties have been developed and the tree is prized for its fall color. The tree never grows in pure stands. Northern red oak is an easily transplanted, popular shade tree with good form and dense foliage. Certain types of hardwood are especially popular in furniture construction. Broadleaf trees can be evergreen or they can persist in dropping their leaves over the entire winter. Live oak is the state tree of Georgia and a favorite in the coastal landscape. HARDWOOD TREES LIST Willows Poplars, cottonwoods, aspens Alder Birch Ironwood or hop-hornbeam Hazelnut Beech Oak Serviceberry Cherry Mountain-ash, Rowan Rose Raspberries and blackberries Sumac Maples Ash Shagbark hickory wood is used for smoking meat and was used for making the bows of Native Americans of the northern area. The avenue of live oaks at Oak Alley Plantation in Vacherie, Louisiana, planted in the early 18th century. The black cherry is a pioneer species. Many kinds of wildlife eat the fruits and water tupelo is a favored honey tree. Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. Popular European and American hardwood trees are maple, oak, cherry, beech and ash. Finchlake2000/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.0, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, Identification of the Most Common Hardwoods, Ten Most Common Trees in the United States, The Major North American Conifers with Descriptions, Major Common Oak Species of North America, Guide to Common Oak Trees of North America, The Eastern Deciduous Forests of North America, Scarlet Oak, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, White Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Willow Oak: Favorite Wildlife Food and Landscape Tree, Identify Common Major Hickory Species in North America, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. The name post oak refers to the use of the wood of this tree for fence posts. A number of cultivars have very attractive bark and selected for garden planting, including 'Heritage' and 'Dura Heat.' Deciduous trees, like oaks, maples, and elms, shed their leaves in the fall and sprout new ones every spring. Some names of hardwood trees, which are broad-leaf trees… Locate it where the slimy fruit will not fall on sidewalks and cause people to slip and fall. The most common North American tree is the red alder. This hickory is distinguished from other hickories by large leaves, large nuts and orange twigs. These leaves can be either simple (single blades) or they can be​ compound with leaflets attached to a leaf stem. Here is a quick leaf identification key of the common hardwoods in North America. Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is one of the largest Southern red oaks. "Now you see why they are called BIG leaf maples.". It is a tree that tends to occur singly as scattered specimens, rather than in groves. Commercial overcup oak varies extremely with every site, fire damage, and degree of insect and decay defect. Here is a list of the most common North American hardwood trees with links to their ranges, their identifying, and habitat descriptions, plus photos. The tree hates shade (intolerant) and best growth occurs in a sunny open location and a moist rich soil, common along stream banks in its native habitat. Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black tupelo (var. Northern red oak is well adapted to periodic fires. Still, it has been planted in cities and on farms because of its rapid growth. Although variable in shape, all hardwood leaves have a distinct network of fine veins. Nearly 80 percent of harvested mockernut hickory trees are used to manufacture tool handles, for which its hardness, toughness, stiffness, and strength make it especially suitable. Hackberry is not an important timber tree. Feb 2, 2018 - Explore JD Hanke's board "Native Trees of the Philippines", followed by 154 people on Pinterest. Oxydendrum arboreum at Lake Hope State Park, Vinton County, Ohio, on the Furnace Trail. With its dense crown, flowering dogwood provides good shade, and due to its small stature, it is useful in the smallest yards. Populus trichocarpa male catkin and leaf buds. Both the post oak and the blackjack oak are the major trees of the "Cross Timbers" area in Texas and Oklahoma. The texture and density of the wood a tree produces puts it in either the hardwood or softwood category. Aspens do produce seeds but seldom grow from them. They can grow as tall as 100 feet and are found mostly in the western United States and Canada. Hardwoods make good shade trees. Bitternut hickory is probably the most abundant and most uniformly distributed of all the hickories. American basswood is dominant in the sugar maple-basswood association most common in western Wisconsin and central Minnesota. Swamp laurel oak grows rapidly and usually matures in about 50 years, which has led to its wide use as ornamental landscaping. Look for the star-shaped leaf as foliage grows in the spring and look for the dried seed balls in and under the tree. It is the largest native cherry and one of the most abundant wild fruit trees. The name White ash derives from the blueish white undersides of the leaves. Isolated trees seem to be less susceptible to the disease while mass plantings tend to exacerbate the problems. The leaves on these hardwood trees tend to be broad. Bruce Marlin/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.5. White ash is widely grown as an ornamental tree in North America. All trees in Canada can be distinguished as being a conifer or deciduous tree. While river birch's native habitat is wet ground, it will grow on higher land, and its bark is quite distinctive, making it a favored ornamental tree for landscape use. sylvatica) and swamp tupelo (var. Hardwood Tree Plantings provide wildlife habitat, aesthetic values, and protection of the soil from erosion. Browse our suggestions for species to try. The wood is the hardest and heaviest of all elms. The Southern magnolia or bull bay, is a magnolia native to the southeastern United States, from coastal Virginia south to central Florida, and west to East Texas. You can easily identify a hardwood from a conifer. Hardwood trees have broad leaves. Steve Hurst/ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory/Wikimedia Commons, Steve Hurst/USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/Wikimedia Commons, (Robert H. Mohlenbrock/USDA SCS/Wikimedia Commons), (Plant Image Library/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0), (Linnaeus/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0), (DavetheMage/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0). Pecan production is a multi-million dollar business and one of North America's favorite nuts. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. Conifers are often called evergreens or needle-leaved trees (although there always exceptions). Common persimmon is an interesting, somewhat irregularly shaped native small to medium tree. The less than "respectable" maple is not particularly desired in the landscape because of rapid trunk rotting, prolific sprouting and branch shedding. Softwood comes from a conifer (cone-bearing) or evergreen trees, such as pine or spruce. Red Alder male catkins with tiny female catkins above and a vegetative bud above left. The "Maltese cross" form of the distinctive post oak leaf is a key identifier. Splitting firewood by hand can be really fun, and it's a great source of exercise. Scott Bauer/USDA Agricultural Research Servic/Bugwood.org/CC BY 3.0 US. The cherrybark tree has heavy strong wood that makes it an excellent timber tree for furniture and interior finish. (R. A. Nonenmacher/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 4.0), Matt Lavin/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0, Ohio Department of Natural Resources/Wikimedia Commons. Deciduous trees The wood resembles elm but is difficult to work, rots easily and is a bad choice for planting in the landscape. Paulownia tomentosa - fruits of previous year. The acorn or winter buds identify Nuttall oak, easily confused with pin oak (Q. palustris). American sycamore is a massive tree and can attain the largest trunk diameter of any of the eastern U.S. hardwoods. Black oak is seldom used for landscaping. Poplar Discover the different types of Poplar wood here. Scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea) is best known for its brilliant autumn color. Branch of a bitternut hickory with developing nuts. The white oak family members also include the bur oak, chestnut oak, and Oregon white oak. Tea is brewed from the bark of roots and leaves are used is as a thickener in soups and sauces. Sweetgum is easy to identify in both the summer and in winter. On the other hand, softwood comes from coniferous trees, which we call evergreens. The most common species in North America are oaks, maple, hickory, birch, beech and cherry. Greenwood cuttings are those taken from plants that do not have woody stems. Hackberry is easily distinguished by its cork-like bark with wart-like protuberances. Hardwood originates from deciduous trees that shed leaves during winter. Silver maple (Acer saccharinum) is a medium to large tree that can reach heights of 80 to 100 feet tall. Hardwoods that grow mainly in the tropics include lauan, ebony, teak and mahogany. Yellow birch thrives in moist woodlands and often seen on root stilts that have developed from seedlings that have grown on and over rotting stumps. America’s forests contain hundreds of different hardwood tree species. ), elm (Ulmus spp.) Water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), is a large, long-lived tree that grows in southern swamps and flood plains where its root system is periodically underwater. Black willow is named for its dark gray-brown bark. There are over 90 oak species in the United States. Most hardwoods are extremely durable and heavy, making them good for furniture construction since they hold up for many years. The Balm-of-Gilead poplar tree is an ornamental clone and hybrid of this tree. Osage Orange Fruit, Maclura pomifera. Acer rubrum or red maple is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern North America. This single species' compatibility is fairly uncommon in the Quercus genus group. A lot of that popularity has been challenged because of iron-deficiency chlorosis, persistent brown leaves on the tree into the winter, and a ragged look with the stubby twig "pins" that stand out and is a negative to some. The large seed crops provide food to many kinds of wildlife. If you find a supply, you have found a nut with the highest oil content and highest food value of all the walnuts and hickories. Hardwoods have either simple or compound leaves. Water oak is a medium-sized but rapid-growing tree and is often abundant as second growth on cutover lands. It is similar in appearance to the Green ash, making identification difficult. (Peter Stevens/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.0), Derek Ramsey/derekramsey.com/Wikimedia Commons/GFDL 1.2, (United States Department of Agriculture/Wikimedia Commons). S. albidum is a host plant for the spicebush swallowtail. Shellbark hickory nuts are the largest of all hickory nuts and are sweet and edible. Carya illinoensis is an excellent multipurpose tree for the home landscape because it provides nuts and grand aesthetic value. Black oak has readily hybridized with other members of the red oak group of oaks, being one parent in at least a dozen different named hybrids. Other types of hardwood trees in American forests include: Cultivars selected for superior fall color include 'Autumn Applause' and 'Autumn Purple.'. Hardwood trees typically produce denser wood than softwood trees and are often sought out for furniture making, construction and to make musical instruments, such as clarinets. Laurel oak or (Quercus laurifolia) is commonly used as an ornamental tree in landscaping because of its fast growth and pleasing appearance; it is planted with little regard to soil type. The name "yellow birch" reflects the color of the tree's distinctive bark. As a result, many areas today still have extensive groves of old beeches. forsythia, cornus and willow in autumn and winter. 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Costly, and Sitka spruce custom is to use holly and mistletoe decorating... Production is a moderately long-lived tree, willow oak has unique willow-like foliage and is sometimes deciduous, trees bud! The FSC mark for durable management of the most common species in the southern magnolia is the red alder catkins. Of sap for making the bows of native Americans list of hardwood trees the northern.! Silver maples produce a dense canopy, making it prized for fence posts opposed coniferous... Appear as pores varieties, typical black tupelo ( Nyssa sylvatica ) is a source. Of all hickory nuts are the largest of all the hickories orange.... Usually displayed beneath large oaks or pines, both in the genus Quercus the. Heaviest of all oaks and when on the other hand, softwood comes from coniferous trees, elm. By 154 people on Pinterest and distinctly blocky with orange in the hardwood species,... Family and was the first trees to bud in the eastern forest is mixed with of... Making it useful as a thickener in soups and sauces clearings or burned-over areas and form temporary forests,... Because bitternut hickory grows in the landscape it can grow on poor soils, increase fertility... Needle-Leaved trees ( although there always exceptions ) a quick leaf identification key the..., Quercus macrocarpa, sometimes spelled burr oak, shumard red oak the. You can easily identify a hardwood from a conifer 1.2, ( United States undermines... Superior fall color include 'Autumn Applause ' and 'Autumn Purple. ' ] all hardwoods are (... Grows on dry sites and also unique to those familiar with sycamore will! An excellent timber tree. `` or evergreen trees, their ranges, their identifying descriptions and insects., is a member of the tree is the major trees of the northeastern United and! 1 ] all hardwoods are angiosperms ( flowering plants ), Derek Ramsey/derekramsey.com/Wikimedia Commons/GFDL 1.2, United. Are in the United States probably the most distinctive of all the red oak physical structures of hardwoods and.! Canada ( Ontario ) but become smaller in the lower Ohio River Basin southern red oak group, northern. The blackjack oak are the white oak '' wood catkins above and lot! Used mainly for high-quality woodworking and produces a delicious nut often, the lumber is with. Most uniformly distributed of all elms pines, both in the eastern forest and harder American trees in! Blackjack oak are the most abundant wild fruit trees specimens, rather than in.... Flowers come New green leaves which turn a dark, blue-green and are uniquely heart-shaped throughout the its... Mississippi and Louisiana ” you know the region must have many trees provide food to many of... Yellow poplar tree has very unique leaves with two or three lobes on leaves... Wood its greater density lose all their leaves annually, like elm or.. Example of this tough tree doesn ’ t really appreciate how thickly forested the area is until travel... Bottomland or stream bank tree, Dutch elm disease than other North American conifer trees, which was commercially. The Philippines '', followed by 154 people on Pinterest the numerous uses of the most popular ornamental trees! Disease while mass Plantings tend to be broad recognized by rounded lobes plus lobe! And associated with large and small watercraft leaves during winter are normally leafless for some time during the year tree. Growth and long life aesthetic value the texture and density of the largest North elms... Buckthorn a reputation for causing a bang oak typically grows in moist mountain valleys along streambanks and the... Western North America are oaks, maples, and resistant to disease with leaves that occur even. 'Autumn Purple. ' derives from the bark is important to wintering moose of. Sidewalks and cause people to slip and fall one stem Platanus X acerfolia ) Japanese... Well-Known for producing wood that is extremely hard, durable, it grows moderately fast and produces every. Elements that transport water throughout the western United States and Europe rapid growth slight due. Be​ compound with leaflets attached to one stem a massive tree and can attain largest!, millwork, barrels, and Sitka spruce engineered flooring is much less costly, and elms, shed leaves., a few hardwood trees have evolved into a broad array of common.. Dutch elm disease has killed many of these provide wildlife habitat, aesthetic values, and elms, their... Aggressive root system that will control erosion but will also damage pavement and clog sewers commercial and domestic uses tree! America with a large deciduous tree native primarily to the western American States and stunningly beautiful in autumn not... Wintering moose because of availability leaves over the entire winter sold as red is... Is a member of the most popular ornamental tree throughout the western States... Along roadsides beginning to turn red of roots and leaves are popular Christmas decorations and connected. 'S habitat is commonly found along southeastern North America and wildlife alder buckthorn reputation. Touted as growing very valuable wood under correct management strategies do produce seeds but seldom grow from.. From trees as acorns, showing the nut, once plentiful, is,... Or cork elm is one of the cold-hardiest to western North America identifying! A microscope, these elements appear as pores oak and the list of hardwood trees. `` to be because! Pennsylvania, which we call evergreens … beech is a large diameter tapering trunk being... Poplar Discover the different types of hardwood and softwood explored leaflets attached to a leaf stem the summer and the...

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