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As the calf becomes further desensitized to both the halter and human touch, the length of time that is taken to adjust the halter, or attach a lead rope, increases. Despite their massive size and status as the tallest land mammal, they are still a prey species. The ability to take radiographs without the use of sedatives or anesthesia is an instrumental part of The Oakland Zoo giraffe husbandry program. A hoof work training session is carried out in much the same fashion as previously described training; the calf is asked to hold a “steady” while allowing keepers to handle the lower legs and feet. This action is repeated numerous times until the calf learns to equate the whistle with food. In the past five years radiograph training has allowed the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of ringbone, sidebone, navicular syndrome, a fracture of the pedal bone, and degenerative joint disease of the fetlock joint. An adult giraffe cannot be forced or muscled into raising their foot; it is the fusion training of operant conditioning and TTouch that makes this behavior possible by incorporating it into their repertoire when they are young. Once the calf is comfortable wearing the halter, a 2-foot rope lead is attached to allow calves to get used to something hanging from the halter, pulling on the nose-band, and causing additional pressure on the head and face. Donkey, cat, hippo, giraffe, fox. Keepers continue stroking the calf, despite minor protestation, until the animal stands calmly at which point the wand is removed. ----- How To Join: $24 / 3 months of Access Paid via Paypal: MyAnimalAdventure@yahoo.com Be sure to … Calves are conditioned to wear halters using a “head down” behavior. This allows training sessions to go on longer as animals do not fill up on food and choose to walk away; keepers have found a second means of reinforcing behaviors. As the animal becomes calmer when being worked with, eventually the wand is shortened by the trainer sliding a hand up the shaft until, ultimately, the wand becomes superfluous and hands-on contact is safely possible. Keepers have found that these exercises reduce the calves’ flightiness and make them much safer to work around as they grow. A giraffe calf outweighs most of its human trainers at the moment of parturition and by the time it reaches adulthood can grow to be 19 feet tall and weigh upward of 4,000 pounds. The giraffe receives a primary food reinforcer for holding a “steady” and the items are gradually moved closer until they are pressed against the body. Keepers use a combination of traditional operant conditioning techniques and the Tellington Touch Equine Awareness Method (a training system for horses) to achieve sophisticated behavioral goals. Despite their massive size and status as the tallest land mammal, they are still a prey species. At approximately 21 days of age the calf will eagerly consume solid foods and is introduced to the operant conditioning program utilized for the adults so as to form an association between a behavior and a consequence. The “head down” behavior is accomplished by offering a feed bucket that is hung low on the fencing or held by a second trainer so that the calf must bend down to reach the food. The pad is then placed against their abdomen and eventually over the back. ... You can even work this into a kick up for a handstand. Keepers introduce unfamiliar items that may trigger a flight response (including those used later in the TTEAM Confidence Course) such as foam pool noodles, plastic sheeting, towels, blankets, hats, logs, and straw bales. Dismiss. A baby giraffe named Hasani recieved a custom ... outdoors on wet ground and will allow him to exercise ... in good health! This has allowed staff to properly diagnose lameness, determine the best course of treatment, and to monitor the progress of the condition. Initially the wand is outstretched in front of the calf and the cue “walk” is given. However, as giraffes grow into adulthood various factors in the captive environment such as diet, limited living space, and reduced activity levels can contribute to laminitis and other serious hoof problems. Once the calf proves he can hold “steady” throughout the tapping process, rasps and other tools are lightly applied to the outer hoof wall and the giraffe is again asked to hold a “steady” while getting used to the new sensations. All the giraffe calves at The Oakland Zoo undergo an extensive conditioning program to prepare them for a successful life in a captive husbandry situation. The bruising eventually went down, but Sydney still had to do some neck exercises with her chiropractor to improve her neck’s condition. Giraffes are difficult and dangerous prey though, and when attacked the giraffe defends itself by kicking with great force. As the calves become comfortable with the touch, their posture relaxes and the training process seems to become a positive experience. This giant list is filled with gifts that will keep your kids active and fit! Periodically, additional items such as ottoscopes, ophthalmoscopes, penlights, dental tools, rubbing alcohol, syringes, catheter extension sets, and other medical paraphernalia are incorporated into training sessions to help the calves become accustomed to their use. When hunting adult giraffes, lions try to knock the lanky animal off its feet and pull it down. This helps to ensure that the calf will nurse reliably and consistently. Calves that can complete the Confidence Course are less likely to startle when faced with roadblocks and objects on the ground around them (especially unfamiliar items such as trash and debris). Something to work on during practice, says Bradley, is having the player run up to kick the ball and land on his or her kicking foot. The SURE FOOT Program gives you the tools to offer your horse this profoundly meaningful experience of self-learning. Hoof work training allows keepers, vet staff, and farriers to maintain healthy hooves and feet in a multitude of way such as remedying thrush with trimming and soaking treatments. Part of the routine husbandry regimen in caring for giraffes involves regular physical examinations to look for injuries or other abnormalities. Keepers begin by conditioning the bridge; the calf is given a small piece of food immediately following each of the keeper’s whistles (the bridge). Starting near the back of the scapula, Clouded Leopard TTouches and Python Lifts are initially performed randomly in that area of the body in unconnected lines. This builds creative thinking and makes exercise fun and games instead of hard work and sweat! Once the calf is at ease with this step, the halter is held a short distance above the feed bucket and the giraffe must push his head through the halter in order to reach the food. Horse Read more…, Online Dog Workshops now available! This additional order exercises an option on an existing contract which was initially awarded in 2017 and includes multiple line item options for additional Sea Giraffe MMR systems. The process of desensitizing the giraffe to being touched begins at the head and neck and moves down the body to the legs and feet. The following general instructions, and table of marking criteria, apply to both exercises. Keepers use the shift commands “move up” and “back up” to place the calf’s feet in the desired location, adjacent to the access hatches or in a hoof stand. April is a 15-year-old Reticulated calf who lives with her five-year-old mate Oliver at the Animal Adventure Park (AAP) in Harpursville, New York. Standing just out of reach in front of the animal, the keeper presents the treat and gives the verbal cue “move up.” Once the calf steps forward he is bridged and receives his primary reinforcer. Turtle Crawl | Starting in the kneeling position, curl your back over and put your elbows on … The Oakland Zoo has a thriving and prolific giraffe breeding program. Lowering the head makes it safer … good or bad behavior … TTouch was developed by Linda Tellington-Jones as a method originally designed for work with horses. 1.8m members in the instantkarma community. If you can safely pick up a hoof you can do SURE FOOT. The body wrap is often used as part of halter training and the Confidence Course to ease the animal’s apprehension in novel or challenging training sessions. Much of the training discussed in this text revolves around the use of Linda Tellington-Jones’ “TTouch Methodâ.” In many instances it was deemed unnecessary for the purposes of this text to describe in any great detail the exact technique involved in each touch. Working through hatches cut in a chain-link fence allows the animals to observe all the action around them and thoroughly investigate all new equipment and people without being hindered by the solid walls of the chute. As anesthetic effects begin to appear, two people pull down and forward on the lead rope which makes it difficult or uncomfortable for the giraffe to fall over backwards. Men doing Donkey Kicks exercise, Men workout fitness, aerobic and exercises. Swimming Shark: This is the same as a yoga balancing half-moon. The calf is initially bridged and reinforced for permitting the keeper to lift his foot about 3 inches off the ground, with the leg flexed at the fetlock joint. While it may seem beneficial to start with a lighter touch until the animal is at ease, keepers found that firmer pressure works better as it is less likely to stimulate the fly twitch response form the giraffe. Clouded Leopard TTouches, where the pads of the fingers are used to make circular touches over large muscled areas, are used to acclimate the giraffe to being manipulated. Although they are not as large as the adults, these calves are between 122 and 200 pounds and their behavior is relatively unpredictable. In order to accomplish large scale trimming and inspection of the sole, the giraffe calves must be taught to either rest their foot on a hoof stand or roll their foot forward so that only the tips of their toes are in contact with the ground, enabling keepers to examine the sole of the foot. At The Oakland Zoo, a halter and lead rope are used to encourage the giraffe to remain in the sternal position as they fall. A giraffe’s foot must be well-balanced and strong enough to support their weight. Over time they are asked to stand for longer and longer periods while holding the “steady.”. Under this comprehensive system, calves are trained to participate in halter and leading exercises, trailer loading, target training, radiograph training, recall and name recognition. This allows the calf to complete the TTEAM Confidence Course, to be prepared for trailer loading, and be safely walked by a keeper when necessary. Food rewards are offered as the animal maintains the “steady” during the TTouch. The program designed and employed by Oakland Zoo keepers Amy Phelps and Melissa McCartney is a fusion of these two training methods. Working with giraffes brings many challenges due to their natural history and physiology. Manipulating the legs often stimulates a preditorial defensive reaction to kick. Keepers are able to teach these shifting behaviors using a baiting system by positioning themselves and presenting the food reward and then repositioning themselves and the food forcing the animal to shift in order to obtain the reward. Often the animals lean into the touch and adopt a relaxed posture. Noah’s March, long strokes done slowly, are used down the entire leg and over the hoof to help reduce the calves’ impulse to fidget and lift their feet. As the “lift” behavior is perfected, the giraffe receives a primary reinforcer when the foot is about 8 inches above the ground. Since keepers are able to handle the calves, thanks to the applied fusion method, they are able to palpate all areas of the body and begin inspections which include manipulating soft tissue to look for bruising, swelling, tenderness, heat, and minor wounds. This means the giraffe is prepared to either fight what they perceive to be a predator, or flee from it. On another of our excursions we saw this giant giraffe galloping soundlessly through the brush. As long as the giraffe holds “steady” during these situations they are reinforced on a fixed schedule. Keepers begin TTouching the cheeks, the bridge of the nose, and the poll – areas where the halter will apply pressure to their head. When introducing training and activities as potentially stressful as taking an ultrasound image, obtaining a radiograph, drawing blood, etc., keepers were looking for a way to reduce the giraffe’s discomfort and anxiety when faced with new equipment, unfamiliar people, and possibly unpleasant pressure on/manipulation of the animal’s body. The mother gives birth standing up and the embryonic sack actually bursts when the baby falls to the ground. And now Kiwi-born beauty Georgia Fowler has revealed her top tips and tricks for staying in shape. Discover the simple and effective techniques for your animals and yourself. How hard do you think a zebra can kick? When fully grown, it can grow to over 5m in height, but when it is born, it (3) about 1,7m. For certain corrective trimming procedures the giraffe’s toes need to be raised off the ground in order to enable keepers to take back the length of the toes and to create a more desirable break-over point. The Tellington Touch (TTouch; pronounced Tee-Touch) is a form of bodywork made-up of an assortment of circles, slides, and lifts performed with the hands. Animal exercises are great kids’ exercise. Familiarizing the calves with these items is accomplished in the same manner as desensitizing them to other medical paraphernalia used in routine physical exams such as the stethoscope and ottoscope. When fully grown, it can grow to over 5m in height, but when it is born, it (3) about 1,7m. ... Greyhound looks more like a giraffe thanks to its unusually large neck. It is important to note that since giraffes are not domesticated, and it is not necessary to ride them, portions of the TTEAM methods are either completely omitted or adapted to comply with established safety protocols. Adjunct to those training accomplishments described previously, staff members bathe and groom the animals, apply cold therapy boots and shoes, wrap the leg joints, administer laser therapy and acupuncture/acupressure, condition the hooves with topical remedies, rub on topical NSAIDs, perform mock dental examinations, drop ophthalmolic washes and ointments into infected eyes, inject necessary medications via pole syringe or hand injection, and perform transabdominal ultrasounds. They're the perfect gifts for a long winter when they're stuck indoors or for rainy days in the warmer months. "The adult giraffe's powerful front legs with sharp hooves could easily put an end to the lion's life," National Geographic writes. Swimming Shark: This is the same as a yoga balancing half-moon. There are a wide range of uses for TTouch including behavioral modification, a decrease in healing time from wounds or injury, an increase in the animal’s body-awareness, as well as strengthening the bond between caretaker and animal. Getting the calf’s foot in the stand is trained in a similar fashion as the “hoof” behavior only in this case the verbal cue “lift” is given. Commonplace afflictions in adulthood such as ringbone and sidebone alter the giraffe’s gait and manifest themselves in the hoof anatomy. A giraffe calf outweighs most of its human trainers at the moment of parturition and by the time it reaches adulthood can grow to be 19 feet tall and weigh upward of 4,000 pounds. She also did physical therapy several times a week ... better make sure you’re not just doing it to feel the kick. ... A Daring Giraffe Rescue Is Underway in Kenya. The TTEAM body wrap is a useful tool that helps giraffe calves through instances where their behavior indicates that they are nervous or insecure. Before moving on to drawing blood, keepers present the calf with alcohol used to sterilize the jab site. Tail circles are gently completed, culminating in tail pulls. The giraffe is not actually stuck with the needle in every training session to prevent the animal from predicting a needle poke and pulling away from the keepers and vet staff. When the calf calmly accepts the strokes, keepers move on to TTouching the animal using the wand to perform circular TTouches. This begins with a keeper holding the pad while simultaneously feeding the calf, and the pad is gradually moved closer to the animal until it is lightly pressed against their neck or shoulder. While calves are introduced to being handled through the use of the wand, hands-on manipulation is essential to training. 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