Other than the Metropolitan Central Library, the MLSU has four branch libraries. Ulaanbaatar has close ties to cities like Seoul (1,995 kilometres or 1,240 miles from UB), Hong Kong (2,900 kilometres or 1,800 miles from UB), Tokyo (3,010 kilometres or 1,870 miles from UB) and Moscow (4,650 kilometres or 2,890 miles from UB). It does charge users a registration fee of 3800 to 4250 tugrik, or about US$3.29 to 3.68. In April 2013, Ulaanbaatar hosted the 7th Ministerial Conference of the Community of Democracies, and has also lent its name to the Ulaanbaatar Dialogue on Northeast Asian Security. , The International Children's Digital Library (ICDL) is an organization that publishes numerous children's books in different languages on the web in child-friendly formats. The Jebtsundamba Khutughtu, who was later crowned Bogd Khan, had four main imperial residences, which were located between the Middle (Dund gol) and Tuul rivers. They play traditional instruments including the morin khuur (horse head fiddle) and perform Mongolian long song, epic and eulogy songs, a ritualistic shaman ritual dance, an ancient palace dance and a Tsam mask dance.. Piovosità media annule di 256 mm. , On 22 February 1921, the Bogd Khan was once again elevated the Great Khan of Mongolia in Urga.  However, at the same time that Baron Ungern was taking control of Urga, a Soviet-supported Communist Mongolian force led by Damdin Sükhbaatar was forming in Russia, and in March they crossed the border. Urga was also a collection point for goods coming from further west. It has a total area of 55 hectares with over 100K trees planted. More than half the wealth created in Urga in the period from 1639 to 1688 is thought to have been lost in 1688.  As the city grew, it moved less and less. Its most famous attraction is a 26.5-meter-high golden statue of Migjid Janraisig. Human habitation at the site of Ulaanbaatar dates from the Lower Paleolithic, with a number of sites on Bogd Khan, Buyant-Ukhaa and Songinokhairkhan mountains, revealing tools which date from 300,000 years ago to 40,000–12,000 years ago. as well as opera and ballet performances, some of them are in collaboration with world ballet houses such as Boston Theatre. In Europe and North America, Ulaanbaatar continued to be generally known as Urga or Khure until 1924, and afterward as Ulan Bator (a spelling derived from Улан-Батор, Ulan-Bator). , The city changed hands twice in 1921. The city consists of a central district built in Soviet 1940s- and 1950s-style architecture, surrounded by and mingled with residential concrete towerblocks and large ger districts. Other ports are much smaller. The city features brief, warm summers and long, bitterly cold and dry … Aryabal Meditation Center at Gorkhi-Terelj National Park. The provisional government announced Mongolia's first free elections, which were held in July. ACMS has 1,500 volumes related to Mongolia in numerous languages that may be borrowed with a deposit. On 29 October 1924, the town was renamed Ulaanbaatar (Mongolian "red hero"), by the advice of T.R. 89, Names of Ulaanbaatar in different languages, in which Mongolia used the Latin alphabet, transition to democracy and market economy in 1990, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Citizens' Representatives Khural of the Capital city, Governor of the Capital city and Mayor of Ulaanbaatar, the Roman Catholic missionary circonscription for all (Outer) Mongolia, Mongolian University of Science and Technology, Mongolian State University of Agriculture, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, List of twin towns and sister cities in Mongolia, List of historical cities and towns of Mongolia, ": Нийслэлийн статистикийн газар – Нийслэлийн хүн ам", ": Нийслэлийн статистикийн газар – Статистик үзүүлэлт – 01. , The national and municipal governments regulate a system of private transit providers which operate bus lines around the city. "Great Settlement"). In Ulan Bator, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.. Other palaces were the White palace (Tsagaan süm or Gьngaa dejidlin), and the Pandelin palace (also called Naro Kha Chod süm), which was situated in the left bank of Tuul River. , By 1908, there was a Russian quarter with a few hundred merchants and a Russian club and informal Russian mayor. The palace is said to be where Genghis Khan stayed with Yesui Khatun before attacking the Tangut in 1226. The average day/night monthly temperature and precipitation frequency by rainfall and snowfall in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. They also host websites on classical and modern Mongolian literature and food, in addition to providing free Internet access. , Existing plans to improve transportation include a subway system, several major road projects such as a 1,000-kilometre-long (620-mile) highway to link Ulaanbaatar to the regions of Altanbulag and Zamyn Uud, plans to upgrade existing regional airports and roadways, and Mongolian Railway projects that will connect cities and mines. They also provide audio-visual equipment for collection use and internet access for an hourly fee.  The Zanabazar Museum of Fine Arts has a large collection of Mongolian art, including works of the 17th-century sculptor/artist Zanabazar, as well as Mongolia's most famous painting, One Day In Mongolia by Baldugiin "Marzan" Sharav. The Natural History Museum features many dinosaur fossils and meteorites found in Mongolia. Before 1911, official names included Nomiĭn Khüree (Mongolian: ᠨᠣᠮ ᠤᠨᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶᠡᠨ; Номын хүрээ) and Ikh Khüree (ᠶᠡᠬᠡᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶᠡᠨ; Их Хүрээ; lit. As the main industrial center of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar produces a variety of consumer goods  and is responsible for about two-thirds of Mongolia's total gross domestic product (GDP). National Culture and Recreation Center (Children's Park) is an amusement park located in the downtown section, south of Shangri-La Hotel. It was created using historical data from the last 30 years. Food, entertainment and recreation venues are steadily increasing in variety. The Military Museum of Mongolia's collection consists of two permanent exhibition halls, showcasing the war history of the country from pre-historic times to the modern era. Ulan Bator, the capital of Mongolia. Thousands of supporters joined them. , The American School of Ulaanbaatar and the International School of Ulaanbaatar both offer Western-style K-12 education in English for Mongolian nationals and foreign residents.. Upon independence in 1911, with both the secular government and the Bogd Khan's palace present, the city's name was changed to Niĭslel Khüree (ᠨᠡᠶᠢᠰᠯᠡᠯ ᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶᠡᠨ; Нийслэл Хүрээ, "Capital Camp"). However, in light of a noticeable drop in GDP during the financial crisis of 2008, as demand for mining exports dropped, there has been movement towards diversifying the economy. , The Moscow trade expedition of the 1910s estimated the population of Urga at 60,000, based on Nikolay Przhevalsky's study in the 1870s. These Upper Paleolithic people hunted mammoth and woolly rhinoceros, the bones of which are found abundantly around Ulaanbaatar. A lo largo del año, le dan a pocas precipitaciones en Ulán Bator. , By Zanabazar's death in 1723, Urga was the Mongolia's preeminent monastery in terms of religious authority. Its Artificial Lake Castle was built in 1969, when the National Amusement Park was established in the centre of the Mongolian capital Ulaanbaatar. The fees may be the result of operating on a budget under $176,000 per year. Manufactured goods still came from Russia, but most were now brought from Kalgan by caravan. , By 1778, Urga may have had as many as ten thousand monks, who were regulated by a monastic rule, Internal Rule of the Grand Monastery or Yeke Kuriyen-u Doto'adu Durem. In Ulan Bator, the climate is cold and temperate. There is the Ulaanbaatar Railbus. The Beatles monuments is a popular place for the youth of UB to gather around. Since 27 February 2019, the Mayor of Ulaanbaatar and Governor of the Capital City has been Amarsaikhan Sainbuyan of the Mongolian People's Party.. La temperatura promedio en Ulán Bator es -0.7 °C. ", The Mongolia-Japan Center for Human Resources Development maintains a library in Ulaanbaatar consisting of about 7,800 items. Ulaanbaatar, formerly anglicised as, and still called, Ulan Bator /ˌuːlɑːn ˈbɑːtər/ (Mongolian: Улаанбаатар, [ʊɮɑːm.bɑːtʰɑ̆r], literally "Red Hero"), is the capital and largest city of Mongolia.  Major Mongolian companies include MCS Group, Gatsuurt LLC, Genco, MAK, Altai Trading, Tavan Bogd Group, Mobicom Corporation, Bodi, Shunkhlai, Monnis and Petrovis. The apostolic see is the Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral, consecrated in 2003 by Cardinal Crescenzio Sepe. The city was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre. , In 1839, the 5th Bogd Jebtsundamba moved his residence to Gandan Hill, an elevated position to the west of the Baruun Damnuurchin markets. It was fortified in 1900 and briefly occupied by troops during the Boxer Rebellion. Many of the traditional folklore bands play regularly around the world including in New York, London and Tokyo. Улан-Батор-Хото, 1925. The city was the seat of the Jebtsundamba Khutugtus, two Qing ambans, and a Chinese trade town grew "four trees" or 4.24 km (2.63 mi) east of the city center at the confluence of the Uliastai and Tuul rivers. The closest Airports of Ulaanbaatar are: Chinggis Khaan International Airport (ULN) 13.66km,Arvaikheer Airport (AVK) 362.83km, You can reach Ulaanbaatar from this Cities by Plane: Beijing (PEK), Bishkek (FRU), Tokyo (NRT), Bangkok (BKK), Moscow (SVO), Ulaangom (ULO), Bayankhongor (BYN), Khovd (HVD), Seoul (ICN), Meren (MXV), Hong Kong (HKG), The population of Ulaanbaatar is approximately 1.40 Million  Khüree as the seat of the Jebtsundamba Khutugtu was the logical choice for the capital of the new state. . Протоколы 1-го Великого Хуралдана Монгольской Народной Республики. Ulaanbaatar presently has three large cinemas, one modern ski resort, two large indoor stadiums, several large department stores and one large amusement park. , In 1910, the amban Sando went to quell a major fight between Gandan lamas and Chinese traders started by an incident at the Da Yi Yu shop in the Baruun Damnuurchin market district. , The transition to a market economy in 1990, which has led to a shift towards service industries making up 43% of the city's GDP, along with rapid urbanization and population growth has so far correlated with an increase in GDP. Bogd Khan Uul is a broad, heavily forested mountain rising 2,250 metres (7,380 ft) to the south of Ulaanbaatar. The Metropolitan Central Library in Ulaanbaatar maintains a digital monthly news archive. In the twentieth century, Ulaanbaatar grew into a major manufacturing center. There were numerous companies called puus (пүүс) and temple treasuries called jas (жас) which functioned as businesses but none of these survived the Communist period. The Ulaanbaatar Opera House, situated in the center of the city, hosts concerts and musical performances. Averages are for Ulan-Bator, which is 9 miles from Ulaanbaatar. Ulan Bator - The Capital Of Mongolia. On this page, you will find information about the climate and the best time to visit Mongolia. The wettest month for Ulan Bator is July with an average of 28.1mm of precipitation … The city's official website lists Moscow, Hohhot, Seoul, Sapporo and Denver as sister cities. The National Library of Mongolia is located in Ulaanbaatar and includes an extensive historical collection, items in non-Mongolian languages and a special children's collection. For example, in 1797 a decree of the 4th Jebtsundamba forbade "singing, playing with archery, myagman, chess, usury and smoking"). He was unable to bring the lamas under control, and was forced to flee back to his quarters. Mongolia has an extreme continental climate. , Ulaanbaatar hosted the official 2019 FIBA 3x3 Under-18 World Cup where Mongolia's national Under-18 3x3 team finished 6th out of 20. On 14 January 1990, the protesters, having grown from two hundred to over a thousand, met at the Lenin Museum in Ulaanbaatar. A four-day state of emergency was declared, the capital was placed under a 22:00 to 08:00 curfew, and alcohol sales banned; following these measures, rioting did not resume. 165-200, "Mongolia: Museum Highlights", San Francisco, 2005, pg. , In 1986, the Ulaanbaatar government created a centralized system for all public libraries in the city, known as the Metropolitan Library System of Ulaanbaatar (MLSU). , Following the Treaty of Kyakhta in 1727, Urga (Ulaanbaatar) was a major point of the Kyakhta trade between Russia and China – mostly Siberian furs for Chinese cloth and later tea. Only Gandantegchinlen Monastery has been operating nonstop for 205 years with a 6 year gap during World War II but whether it can be seen as a business is still debated. The National Park of Mongolia in the southeastern outskirts of the city opened in 2009, becoming a popular summer park for the UB goers. It is 18 km (11 mi) southwest of the city. On the garuḍa's forehead is the soyombo symbol, which is featured on the flag of Mongolia. The oldest companies still operating in Ulaanbaatar date to the early MPR. , On 29 December 1911, the 8th Jeptsundamba Khutughtu was declared ruler of an independent Mongolia and assumed the title Bogd Khan. Temperature by: Fahrenheit / Centigrade ULAN-BATOR 47 93 N, 106 98 E, 4317 feet (1316 meters) above sea level. For Ulan Bator in January the daily average maximum temperatures is -16°C with the average minimum -29°C, while in June the average maximum is 23°C with a minimum of 8°C. Other names were Da Khüree (Да Хүрээ, dà, "great"), or simply Khüree (ᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶᠡᠨ; Хүрээ). Part of the city was moved to nearby Tolgoit. The problem is compounded by Ulaanbaatar's location in a valley between relatively high mountains, which shield the city from the winter winds and thus obstruct air circulation. In 1758, the Qianlong Emperor appointed the Khalkha Vice General Sanzaidorj as the first Mongol amban of Urga with full authority to "oversee the Khuree and administer well all the Khutugtu's subjects". It is also a popular place for youngsters to hang out. , The Metropolitan Central Library of Ulaanbaatar, sometimes also referred to as the Ulaanbaatar Public Library, is a public library with a collection of about 500,000 items. Additionally, there are many private schools that offer bilingual programs. The city also houses numerous museums, two of the prominent ones being the National Museum of Mongolia and the Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum. The population has more than doubled to over one million inhabitants. , Owing to its high elevation, its relatively high latitude, its location hundreds of kilometres from any coast, and the effects of the Siberian anticyclone, Ulaanbaatar is the coldest national capital in the world, with a monsoon-influenced, cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk, USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 3b) that closely borders a subarctic climate (Dwc) and a warm-summer humid continental climate (Dwb). It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year. In the novel it had a medium-wave station for communications.. Residence of Prince Chin Wang Khanddorj (Minister of Foreign Affairs), built in 1913. Although the building's condition is dire, the Victims of Political Persecution Memorial Museum tells about one of the most tragic history of Mongolia's 20th century. The park is geared towards becoming educational center for healthy responsible living as well as environmental education. A council of seven of the highest-ranking lamas (Khamba Nomon Khan, Ded Khamba and five Tsorj) made most of the city's religious decisions. , As a mobile monastery-town, it was often moved to various places along the Selenge, Orkhon and Tuul rivers, as supply and other needs would demand. The red line depicts daytime high; blue is nighttime low. A number of nationally known parks and protected areas belong officially to the city. There is also a Children's Central Library, which was established in 1979. East of the main town was the Russian consulate built in 1863 with an Orthodox church, post office and 20 Cossack guards. Kaupungissa oli vuonna 2013 arviolta 1 345 086 asukasta. Ulaanbaatar has an average annual temperature of −0.4 °C or 31.3 °F, making it the coldest capital in the world (almost as cold as Nuuk, Greenland, but Greenland is not independent). Ungern and his men rode out in May to meet Red Russian and Red Mongolian troops, but suffered a disastrous defeat in June. The most interesting item is a huge painting of the capital as it looked in 1912 that shows major landmarks such as Gandan Monastery and the Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan. The Prime Minister of Mongolia appoints the Governor of the Capital city and Mayor of Ulaanbaatar with four year terms upon city council's nomination. The winter continues long with cold temperature but summer is hot and not so long.  The project was supported by the British Library's Endangered Archives Programme. , Bogd Khan mountain is a strictly protected area, with a length of 31 kilometres (19 miles) and width of 3 kilometres (1.9 miles), covering an area of 67,300 hectares (166,302 acres). North of the city are several gold mines, including the Boroo Gold Mine, and foreign investment in the sector has allowed for growth and development. 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